You have bought or received as a gift your first digital camera and you are anxious to start taking great photographs right away. I understand your anxiety so go ahead and start taking pictures of the dog, the family and the garden. If you are lucky one or two of these photos would be quite good. But you are disappointed because many don’t look so good and you can’t post them on the net. If this has happened to you don’t worry, There are 3 basic things you need to know before you start taking good pictures.
1) How to get your photo correctly framed.
Framing is how you line up and position all the elements of your picture so that the camera sees and records everything you want to photograph. This means no headless uncles or cousins cut in half for the family portrait for instance. Framing is fairly easy to do with the monitor screen at the back of your camera. You may also frame your picture by looking through the viewfinder. Focusing through the viewfinder is sometimes necessary when bright light is obscuring the camera screen. Whether you use the screen or the viewfinder take the few seconds to make sure that everything and every one is within the frame.
2) How to get everything you want in focus
An out of focus photograph looks fuzzy or blurred, which is not good except of course you deliberately wanted a blurred effect. The modern slr camera has an automatic focus setting which should get your focus right most of the time. Until you are familiar with your camera use the fully automatic setting. it calculates the important settings such as ISO, Aperture and Exposure without guesswork.
If you are new to SLR photography, you should simply enjoy using your camera at first. Try getting a good feel for how to handle it, studying carefully the results you get under different conditions. The best way to do this is to set your camera on fully automatic. To do this look for a symbol on your camera’s mode dial that looks like a rectangle. When your camera is on Automatic, all important settings such as ISO, Aperture and exposure are made for you, taking out the guess work.
3) How to get your picture correctly exposed.
You must have heard photographers talking about using the correct exposure. Exposure – the third basic requirement for taking better photos, will make or break a photograph. There’s no point in framing the greatest shot and then shooting a picture that is either too dark to make out anything or so light that all the details have been bleached out. You cannot fix this in your computer. You may recover a few details with photo editing software but the picture will always be unsatisfactory.
Setting the correct exposure requires two different elements – APPERTURE(size) and SHUTTER (speed). When you press the shutter button halfway using the automatic setting, the camera calculates the best exposure based on how much light is falling on the sensor, in order to create a quality picture with the right amount of bright and dark areas and tones. Then when you press the shutter all the way, the camera uncovers the sensor for the calculated aperture size and shutter speed and the image is recorded and stored on the digital memory card in the camera.
The camera processes the information, uncovers the sensor for whatever length shutterspeed time and size of aperture it has calculated and then records (writes) the final image onto the digital memory card in the camera, all in a fraction of a second
As an experienced photographer you will not depend solely on the Automatic setting for your photographs. With experience and training you will learn to manage exposure settings to create the look and mood of the photographs. This knowledge and skill will come only with practice, practice. practice.